February 29, 2024

What taxes do you pay as a UK limited company for investment properties in 2024?

When it comes to property investing, the way you structure your investment impacts the way you pay tax on it. In this blog post we break down when you would pay tax if investing through a limited company.

When it comes to property investing, the way you structure your investment impacts the way you pay tax on it. If you hold your property in a limited company, the company is a legal entity on its own and is separate from the shareholders and directors of the company. This means the limited company is the structure being taxed rather than the company’s owners.


So, when does a limited company created for property investing need to pay tax? It is typically at three main points: when you initially purchase the property, when you make profits from the investment, and when you sell the property. Let’s break down each of these stages and the tax that comes with them.


Purchasing the property: Stamp Duty Land Tax

When you initially purchase a property through a limited company, you’ll be charged Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT). You are subject to pay SDLT if you purchase a property over a certain amount, for buy-to-lets if your property is worth more than £150,000 you are required to pay SDLT. The amount you pay depends on various factors: if you’re a first-time buyer, if you’re purchasing an additional property and whether or not you’re a UK resident. For UK residents, the SDLT based on property value is as below.

SDLT Graphic-1Receiving profits from your investment: Corporation Tax 

Purchasing a property in your own name means you are subject to Income Tax and National Insurance Contributions, when buying through a limited company you are not required to pay either of these and are only charged Corporation Tax on your rental income.


Corporation Tax is charged on the profits made by the company, after the removal of certain allowed expenses, but before dividends are paid to shareholders. If your company makes £50,000 or less in profits, you would be subject to 19%. If profits are above £250,000 it is 25%. If your profits are between the two amounts you could be entitled to ‘Marginal Relief’ on the 25% tax rate.


The lack of Income Tax and National Insurance Contributions is one of the main reasons it may be more profitable for property investors to use the limited company structure for purchasing their buy-to-lets.


Selling your property investment: Capital Gains Tax

Like most other forms of tax, Capital Gains Tax (CGT) differs depending on whether you bought the property in your own name or through a limited company. Depending on your tax bracket, you can be charged 18% or 28% CGT when you sell a property bought in your own name. If you are selling a property that you bought using a limited company, you can sell the shares of the company instead and the CGT for this is either 10 or 20%. 


Another benefit of the limited structure is the reduced CGT that investors are required to pay when exiting their investments, it once again can make this structure a more favourable option for property investors. 


Why a limited company is more profitable for your buy-to-let

A lot of the reasons that make limited companies more profitable than personal ownership lie in the tax advantages they present to property investors. Being able to deduct mortgage interest from your tax bill; taking income out of your property without facing income tax; and significantly lower capital gains tax are all profitable benefits of this investment structure. 


How GetGround can help with your tax... and accounting

At GetGround, we are committed to continuously making property investment easier and that’s why we’ve created an Accounting and Tax service that can help you scale. How exactly have we done this? By developing a digitalised experience on our streamlined platform where you can upload all your documents, collaborate with shareholders, access your business account and an investment Pot, and get dedicated support. Get in touch now for easy Accounting and Tax with GetGround


This is for your information only – you shouldn't view this as legal advice, tax advice, investment advice, or any advice at all. While we've tried to make sure this information is accurate and up to date, things can change, so it shouldn't be viewed as totally comprehensive. GetGround always recommends you seek out independent advice before making any investment decisions.

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